Classical Era: Mauro Giuliani
Together with Fernando Sor, Mauro Giuliani (1781 – 1829) was one of the most famous guitar composers in the classical era. Sor had his reign in Paris, Giuliani had it likewise in Vienna.
Giuliani was born in the Italian region of Apulia. He started his musical career on the cello and the violin. After his musical training het took off to Vienna, where he gained fame as a guitarist and composer. He got into financial troubles there too, so finally he returned to Italy.
Giuliani has a large oeuvre; his opus numbering reaches 150. Besides the often virtuoso and technically demanding concert works and opera arrangement, he composed a large number of instructional pieces and playing pieces for the market of home music. The publication of the large number of works did not yield sufficient money, he was not quite thrifty after all, to enjoy a comfortable old age, he died in poverty in 1829.